Chess Notes by Edward Winter

Chess Notes

Edward Winter

When contacting us by e-mail, correspondents are asked to include their name and full postal address and, when providing information, to quote exact book and magazine sources. The word ‘chess’ needs to appear in the subject-line or in the message itself. There is also a form available for submitting games.

2 April 2017: C.N.s 10404-10405
3 April 2017: C.N.s 10406-10407
4 April 2017: C.N.s 10408-10409
5 April 2017: C.N. 10410
8 April 2017: C.N.s 10411-10412
9 April 2017: C.N. 10413
11 April 2017: C.N. 10414
14 April 2017: C.N.s 10415-10417
17 April 2017: C.N.s 10418-10420
18 April 2017: C.N. 10421
22 April 2017: C.N.s 10422-10424
23 April 2017: C.N.s 10425-10427
24 April 2017: C.N. 10428

W. Steinitz

A selection of feature articles:

Early Uses of ‘World Chess Champion’
World Chess Championship Rules
The London Rules
Capablanca v Alekhine, 1927
FIDE Championship (1928)
World Championship Disorder
Spassky v Fischer, Reykjavik, 1972
The Termination

Archives (including all feature articles)

10404. Rovner v Guldin

From page 49 of Adventure in Chess by Assiac (London, 1951):


Neishtadt gave the venue as Leningrad, not Moscow, on page 111 of Improve Your Chess Tactics (Alkmaar, 2011) and, as shown below, on page 71 of Шахматный практикум (Moscow, 1980):


Some of the earlier moves were included on page 141 of the Schweizerische Schachzeitung, August-September 1945:


Earlier publications are sought. The complete game (headed ‘USSR, 1938’) is in the ‘curio.pgn’ file on Tim Krabbé’s website.

10405. Suzana Makai (C.N. 10399)


Maia Chiburdanidze and Suzana Makai

Jan Hessel (Rättvik, Sweden) reminds us of the book Harminc év a sakktábla mellett by Zoltán Makai (Nagyvárad, 2010), a 239-page tribute to Suzana/Zsuzsa Makai compiled by her brother.


Page 226 has this game-score

chiburdanidze makai

chiburdanidze maia

Our copy of the book is inscribed by the compiler:


10406. Rare queen sacrifices

An addition to the list in The Fox Enigma (‘positions in which a player moved his queen to KKt6 (i.e. g6 or g3) when the opponent had three unmoved pawns before his castled king’) comes from page 177 of the November 1945 Schweizerische Schachzeitung, at the end of a theoretical article by Paul Müller:

mueller crisovan

Paul Müller – Alex Crisovan
Swiss correspondence championship, 1943-44
Queen’s Gambit Declined

1 d4 d5 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 Nf6 4 Bg5 Nbd7 5 e3 Be7 6 Nf3 O-O 7 Rc1 c6 8 Bd3 dxc4 9 Bxc4 Nd5 10 Bxe7 Qxe7 11 O-O Nxc3 12 Rxc3 e5 13 Qc2 exd4 14 exd4 Nf6 15 Re1 Qd6 16 Ng5 Bg4 17 Rg3 Bh5 18 Rh3 Bg6 19 Qxg6 hxg6 20 Bxf7+ Rxf7 21 Rh8+ Kxh8 22 Nxf7+ Kg8 23 Nxd6 Rd8 24 Re6 Rd7 25 f3 Nh7 26 Ne4 Nf8 27 Rd6 Rc7 28 Kf2 Kf7 29 Ke3 Ke7 30 h4 Rc8 31 g4 Ne6 32 h5 gxh5 33 gxh5 Ng5 34 Rg6 Nxe4 35 Rxg7+ Kf8 36 Rg6 Resigns.

The result of the game was reported on page 137 of the August-September 1944 Schweizerische Schachzeitung, and the complete crosstable was on page 19 of the February 1945 issue.

As shown in Wade v Bennett, the queen sacrifice in this line was already familiar.

10407. A quote attributed to Bogoljubow and Chigorin (C.N.s 5063 & 9647)

From page 33 of the December 1944 Chess Review, in an article by I.A. Horowitz:


10408. Paradoxes regarding Réti

A paragraph on page 367 of José Raúl Capablanca A Chess Biography by M.A. Sánchez (Jefferson, 2015):


It is dispiriting to see ‘allegedly wrote (per but unconfirmed)’ in any outlet, and especially in a McFarland book and in connection with a familiar, easily-documented remark. Below is page 169 of Tartakower’s Die hypermoderne Schachpartie (Vienna, 1924):


A good translation of the passage about the Réti paradoxes was on page 45 of the February 1952 Chess Review:


An awful translation, by Jared Becker, is on page 141 of The Hypermodern Game of Chess (Milford, 2015), a book criticized in C.N. 9701:


10409. An alleged contradiction by Réti

An item on page 428 of CHESS, 14 July 1937:


To help them ‘work it out’, readers of CHESS were given neither the source nor the exact text of Réti’s comments.

From page 182 of Masters of the Chess Board (London, 1933), in the ‘My System of Opening’ section:


However, the original German text, on page 330 of Die Meister des Schachbretts (Mährisch-Ostrau, 1930), is entirely logical:


Réti’s observation may be paraphrased as follows: Lasker’s line (1 Nf3 d5 2 c4 c6 3 b3 Bf5) is often considered, still today, the best defence, but its reputation is due more to Lasker’s standing than to its true value.

10410. More Lasker games

Thomas Niessen (Aachen, Germany) sends four games from simultaneous exhibitions which Emanuel Lasker published in his column in the Vossische Zeitung in 1919:

Emanuel Lasker – Dr F.
Neuchâtel, 10 May 1919
Ruy López

1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 O-O b5 6 Bb3 d6 7 c3 Be7 8 d4 Bg4 9 Be3 O-O 10 h3 Bh5 11 Nbd2 h6 12 Rc1 Na5 13 Bc2 c6 14 g4 Bg6 15 dxe5 dxe5 16 Nxe5 Bd6 17 Nxg6 fxg6 18 f4 Nh7 19 e5 Bc7 20 Bxg6 Qh4 21 Kh2


21...Ng5 22 Rf3 Nxf3+ 23 Nxf3 Qe7 24 Bb1 g5 25 fxg5 Bxe5+ 26 Kg2 Nc4 27 Bf2 hxg5 28 Qe2 Rae8


29 Re1 Qf7 30 Nxg5 Qf4 31 Nf3 Bxc3 32 Qd3 Qxf3+ 33 Qxf3 Rxf3 34 Rxe8+ Kf7 35 Kxf3 Nd2+ 36 Ke2 Kxe8 37 Bg6+ Resigns.

Source: Vossische Zeitung, 25 May 1919, page 15.


Emanuel Lasker – N.N.
Berne, 1919
Ruy López

1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 Nf6 4 O-O Nxe4 5 d4 Be7 6 Qe2 d5 7 Nxe5 Bd7 8 Nxd7 Qxd7 9 Re1 a6 10 Bxc6 bxc6 11 Nd2 Ng5


12 Nc4 Ne6 13 Ne5 Qd6 14 f4 O-O 15 c3 Bf6 16 Ng4 Nxf4 17 Bxf4 Qxf4 18 Rf1 Qd6 19 Nxf6+ gxf6 20 Qh5 Rae8 21 Rf3 Qe6 22 Rh3 Qe4 23 Qh6 Resigns.

Source: Vossische Zeitung, 1 June 1919, page 10.


Emanuel Lasker – Allies
Stuttgart, August 1919
Ruy López

1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 O-O Nxe4 6 d4 b5 7 Bb3 d5 8 dxe5 Be6 9 c3 Be7 10 Nbd2 O-O 11 Nd4 Nxd4 12 cxd4 Nxd2 13 Bxd2 c5 14 Be3 c4 15 Bc2 Qd7 16 f4 f5 17 Qe2 a5 18 Kh1 b4 19 Rf2 a4


20 Rg1 b3 21 axb3 axb3 22 Bb1 g6 23 h3 h5 24 g4 hxg4 25 hxg4 Kg7 26 g5 Rh8+ 27 Rh2 Rxh2+ 28 Kxh2 Rh8+ 29 Kg3 Qd8 30 Qg2 Rh5 31 Rh1 Qh8 32 Rxh5 Qxh5 33 Qf3 Qxf3+ 34 Kxf3 Bb4 Adjourned.


Source: Vossische Zeitung, 24 August 1919, page 17.



Emanuel Lasker – N.N.
Denmark, 1919
Ruy López

1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 Nf6 4 O-O Nxe4 5 d4 d5 6 Nxe5 Bd7 7 Nxd7 Qxd7 8 Re1 Be7 9 Qe2 Nd6 10 Bxc6 bxc6 11 Nd2 Nf5


12 Qg4 O-O 13 Rxe7 Qxe7 14 Qxf5 Qe1+ 15 Nf1 Rfe8


16 Bh6 Resigns.

Source: Vossische Zeitung, 28 December 1919, page 17.


Regarding the first game, we add a report on Lasker’s visit to Neuchâtel from page 96 of the June-July 1919 Schweizerische Schachzeitung:


10411. Keres move by move


Keres move by move by Zenón Franco (London, 2017) is the latest addition to our list of nearly 30 books about Keres.

Question: how many of the earlier works are mentioned in Franco’s bibliography (page 6)? Answer: none.

10412. The Staunton-Morphy affair

A number of chess authors, and especially American and British ones in the twentieth century, could not, or would not, treat the Staunton-Morphy affair even-handedly. The passage below, written by Fred Reinfeld, is a bombastic example from what may be termed, in shorthand, the ‘pro-Morphy camp’:

reinfeld morphy staunton

Source: page 65 of Reinfeld’s book The Great Chess Masters and Their Games (New York, 1952 and 1960). The text was on pages 71-72 of the UK edition, The Human Side of Chess (London, 1953).

10413. Capablanca at AVRO, 1938

Quiz question: how many games did Capablanca lose in Amsterdam at the AVRO tournament of 1938?


This portrait comes from opposite page 112 of Analysen van A.V.R.O.’s wereld-schaak-tournooi by M. Euwe (Amsterdam, 1938). It is one of several tournament books which show that the Cuban’s losses were as follows:

  • v Keres, sixth round, 14 November 1938, in Haarlem;
  • v Alekhine, ninth round, 19 November 1938, in Arnhem;
  • v Botvinnik, eleventh round, 22 November 1938, in Rotterdam;
  • v Euwe, fourteenth round, 27 November 1938, in Amsterdam.

A list of dates and venues is on pages 299-300 of the October 1938 Tijdschrift van den Koninklijken Nederlandschen Schaakbond:



The answer to the quiz question is thus that Capablanca lost one game in Amsterdam, against Euwe, but it is often misstated that the other three defeats also occurred in the Dutch capital. For instance:


Chess Strategy for the Tournament Player by L. Alburt and S. Palatnik (New York, 2000), page 190


Keres move by move by Z. Franco (London, 2017), page 94


Das Schachgenie Aljechin by I. and W. Linder (Berlin, 1992), page 251


Aleksander Alechin by K. Pytel (Warsaw, undated), page 150


The Sunday Times Book of Chess by R. Keene (Aylesbeare, 2005), page 30


Mikhail Botvinnik by A. Soltis (Jefferson, 2014), page 111.

10414. The first modern grading system

In the ‘Rating Systems’ entry on pages 271-272 of Harry Golombek’s The Encyclopedia of Chess (London, 1977) William Hartston wrote:


Although the Ingo system is mentioned in many chess reference books, and especially German ones, it is nowadays all but forgotten.

From page 255 of CHESS, Easter 1966:


Below is the feature mentioned by CHESS, on pages 94-96 of Schach-Taschen-Jahrbuch 1966 edited by Herbert Engelhardt (Berlin-Frohnau, 1966):




The Ingo system was also referred to briefly in a series of articles entitled ‘The International Chess Federation Rating System’ by Arpad E. Elo in CHESS, July 1973 (pages 293-296), August 1973 (pages 328-330) and October 1973 (pages 19-21). See too pages 16 and 143-144 of Elo’s book The Rating of Chessplayers, Past and Present (London, 1978).

In a list of bibliographical references on pages 295-296 of the July 1973 CHESS Elo gave ‘Hesslinger [sic]; Ingo System; Bayrischen [sic] Schachnachrichten April 1948’. On pages 143-144 of his book Elo wrote: ‘The Ingo System, designed by Anton Hoesslinger of Ingolstadt, Germany, was described in Bayerische Schacht [sic], 1948, and by Herbert Englehardt [sic] (Englehardt [sic] 1951).’

The absence of Hößlinger’s name from the various German-language features is to be noted. The Ingo system was introduced in a series of articles in the Bayerische Schachnachrichten: April 1948, page 14; May 1948, page 19; June 1948, page 21 and page 22; July 1948, page 26.

We also present the article ‘Das Ingo-System’, in the Schach-Taschen-Jahrbuch 1951 edited by Herbert Engelhardt (Berlin-Frohnau, 1951), on pages 105, 106, 107, 108 and 109. It was followed by these rankings on pages 109-111:




Acknowledgement for the articles in the Bayerische Schachnachrichten and the Schach-Taschen-Jahrbuch 1951: the Cleveland Public Library.

Mention may also be made of ‘Problems of Rating and BCF/INGO Grading’ by Professor H. Schreiner on pages 110-111 of the BCM, March 1991. See too Chess Ratings and Titles.

Finally, the obituary of Anton Hößlinger on the inside front cover of Schach-Echo, 20 January 1960:


10415. Winning a won game (C.N.s 2424 & 5349)

So far, the earliest known first-hand occurrence of the saying ‘Nothing is harder than to win a won game’ is on page 9 of Schach-Aphorismen und Reminiscenzen by A. Albin (Hanover, 1899): ‘Nichts ist schwerer als eine gewonnene Partie – zu gewinnen.’ It received the page to itself:


The English version was on page 220 of Checkmate, July 1903, in a feature entitled ‘Albin’s Aphorisms’, whereas the previous year (November 1902, page 30) the Canadian magazine had referred to ‘Tarrasch’s well-known saying that nothing is harder than to win a “won game”’.

As mentioned in C.N. 2424 (see page 392 of A Chess Omnibus), the maxim has been attributed to a number of writers. They include Lasker, as shown by page 179 of Master Chess by Lodewijk Prins (London, 1950):


10416. A statement by Alekhine? (C.N.s 2104, 3896, 3898 & 9029)

The reference by Prins to Alekhine in the previous item is relevant to a matter discussed in a number of C.N. items.

Prins had also written on page 127:

‘Remember the saying that to win one game from Alekhine he had to be beaten thrice: once in the opening, once in the middle game and once in the end game.’

For the suggestion that Alekhine made the remark about himself no reliable source has been found. There are only the unsubstantiated assertions of Larry Evans.

10417. Books on the endings

‘No book on end-games to date has been much more than a collection of abstruse artificialities ...’

Source: CHESS, 14 April 1939, page 308.


10418. ‘The Greatest Tragedy in Chess History’


A photograph of the bomb damage (from page 19 of CHESS, November 1940) is in Chess: Hitler and Nazi Germany.

10419. From former times (C.N. 10163)

Another cartoon from CHESS, (page 50 of the December 1939 issue):


10420. Memory

Further information is sought on this memory event (page 107 of the April 1885 International Chess Magazine):

memory jacoby

10421. Capablanca v the Allies

Stéphane Pilawski (Hannut, Belgium) refers to a consultation game on pages 22-24 of Capablanca’s My Chess Career (London, 1920) and on page 103 of The Unknown Capablanca by David Hooper and Dale Brandreth (London, 1975):


Position after 35 bxc5

‘Both books mention that at move 35, recapturing White’s pawn on c5 would be of little use to Black because after 35...Bxc5 36 Rf4 Rxf4 37 Bxc5 Qe8 38 gxf4 White would win easily. However, 35...Bxc5 36 Rf4 Rxf4 37 Bxc5 (Bxf4 is better) 37...Qf5 would win the exchange for Black, after which White suddenly stands much worse. Consequently, after 35...Bxc5 it is better for White to exchange bishops by 36 Bxc5, and if 36...Rxc5, 37 Rxh5 wins for White.’

Mr Pilawski also comments on the discrepancy regarding the players’ names in the two books, and below are the relevant pages:






Hooper and Brandreth subsequently issued an errata list which stated concerning game 108 that Curring should read Cutting. That amendment was incorporated into the second, revised edition of The Unknown Capablanca, published by Dover Publications, Inc., New York in 1993:


In My Chess Career Capablanca did not indicate that he had a consultation partner. Nor was reference made to Réti as an ally in a 1914 game against Kaufmann and Fähndrich; we commented on the matter on page 267 of the June 1986 BCM after an earlier item in the Quotes & Queries column (March 1986, page 122) had mentioned both that game and the Ruy López game under discussion here (with, in the latter case, the spelling ‘Currington’).

My Chess Career gave no particulars about the venue and date of the Ruy López game. The introduction to the relevant chapter, on page 14 (page numbers vary in other editions):


The index (page 211) had ‘J.R.C. – Davidson and Ferguson, 1907’. The Unknown Capablanca, in contrast, gave a specific date (28 June 1908), while, as also shown above, the second game involving the same players was headed ‘New York, June 1908 (?)’. The sources for the games were specified as follows on page 200:


Various editions of My Chess Career showed little rigour. On page 40 of a version ‘newly edited and revised by Lyndon Laird’ (Corsicana, 1994) the game had the heading ‘New York, 1906-1908’, whereas the date in the game index (page 237) was 1906. A 1937 translation of Capablanca’s book published in Yugoslavia had 1907 and the spelling ‘Fergson’. There are also Russian and Italian translations – published long after The Unknown Capablanca – which give the date as ‘1906 or 1907’.

As usual, the editions of Capablanca’s games by Rogelio Caparrós (Yorklyn, 1991, Barcelona, 1993 and Dallas, 1994) contributed nothing except confusion. Despite specifying that his source for the two games was The Unknown Capablanca, Caparrós put forward a specific date for the second game, 29 June 1908, without explanation. Although in both headings ‘Cutting’ was the spelling used, this was abbreviated in the index to ‘Cur’.

About that player we can offer no information, but the names of both H. Davidson and R.W. Ferguson appeared in an earlier report, on page 35 of the February 1907 American Chess Bulletin:


10422. When in doubt ...

From page 34 of the Chess Weekly, 4 July 1908:

‘[Bird] was the man that made P-KR4 famous, his sovereign counsel being “when in doubt, play your KRP two squares, sir”.’

Of course, P-KB4 was meant (see Black’s tenth move in the accompanying game):


The conclusion of that MacDonnell v Bird game had been given, with more particulars, on page 218 of the March 1889 Chess Monthly:


10423. Simultaneous displays by Morphy (C.N.s 6424 & 6496)

A question in C.N.s 6424 and 6496 concerned the largest number of opponents faced by Morphy in simultaneous exhibitions. The figures are relatively small, but can the matter be put beyond doubt?

One claim concerning Morphy (in the period after his match with Anderssen) is quoted below without comment:

‘He confined himself to simultaneous displays, playing 20, 30 and even 40 people at once ...’

Source: page 274 of Keene On Chess by R. Keene (New York, 1999). The identical wording re-appeared on page 275 of Complete Book of Beginning Chess by R. Keene (New York, 2003).

10424. An Alekhine letter

From page 113 of CHESS, May 1941:


Larger version

The letter was referred to on page 656 of the 1998 Skinner/Verhoeven book on Alekhine.

10425. Indian Openings

In C.N. 10058 Martin Sims (Upper Hutt, New Zealand) pointed out, regarding Indian Openings, Réti’s statement on page 253 of Die Meister des Schachbretts (Mährisch-Ostrau, 1930) that Kmoch had proposed a set of terms which included Altindisch for an opening with no fianchetto:


However, Mr Sims now draws attention to a footnote by Kmoch on page 33 of Die Kunst der Verteidigung (various editions – the book was first published in 1927):


The term here was not Altindisch but Halbindisch.

10426. Kmoch on Lasker

From page 67 of CHESS, February 1941, in a tribute to Emanuel Lasker by W.H. Cozens:

kmoch lasker

The highlighted remark attributed to Kmoch deserves further scrutiny:

‘Just as some players sacrifice pawns for an attack, so Lasker frequently sacrifices time and space to keep the game alive.’

10427. A cartoon by Cozens

A favourite theme of chess cartoons is the game’s imagined paramountcy.

Firemen were featured in C.N.s 8927, 8943 and 9007, and below is a drawing by W.H. Cozens from page 77 of the February 1941 CHESS:

cozens chess

10428. Mihail Marin on the world championship

Russell Miller (Vancouver, WA, USA) notes a remark by Mihail Marin on page 82 of the Spring 2017 issue of the American Chess Magazine:

‘For 11 years Lasker avoided any new challenge to his title. He only abandoned his ivory tower in 1907 when he defeated Frank Marshall rather convincingly. He also scored victories by a large margin against Tarrasch (!) in 1908 and 1916 and David Janowsky in 1909 and 1910.’

How can anyone write an eight-page history of the world chess championship without knowing that Lasker’s matches against Janowsky in 1909 and Tarrasch in 1916 were not for the title?

Marin’s article (pages 78-85) is one of the worst of its kind that we have seen, a feebly-written job lot of common knowledge and common misconceptions.

Chess Notes Archives


Copyright: Edward Winter. All rights reserved.