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Jan Kalendovský (Brno, Czech Republic) sends two items from the Latvian magazine Atpūta:
10 August 1928, page 3
17 March 1939 (unnumbered page)
From page 22 of a copy of an unidentified twentieth-century scrapbook we have plucked up the courage to make these additions to the feature article Chess Corn Corner:
Gerard Killoran (Ilkley, England) provides this game from Löwenthal’s column in the Era, 18 December 1864, page 4:
1 e4 c5 2 f4 e6 3 Nf3 b6 4 Nc3 Bb7 5 e5 f5 6 a4 Be7 7 Qe2 Nh6 8 h3 Nc6 9 Qf2 Nb4 10 Kd1 O-O 11 Bc4 a6 12 Na2 Nc6 13 d3 d5 14 exd6 Qxd6 15 Ng5 Rf6 16 Re1 Nd4 17 c3
17...b5 18 cxd4 bxc4 19 dxc4 cxd4 20 b4 Nf7 21 Bb2 Nxg5 22 fxg5 Rf7 23 Kc2 e5 24 h4 Be4+ 25 Kb3 a5 26 b5 Qc5 27 Rac1 Bd3 28 Qg3 Be4 29 Qh3 Rff8 30 g4 fxg4 31 Qxg4 Rf3+
32 Rc3 Rc8 33 Qxe4 dxc3 34 Nxc3 Qb4+ 35 Kc2 Rxc3+ 36 Bxc3 Qxa4+ 37 Kb1 Qb3+ 38 Bb2 Ba3 39 Qxe5 Bxb2 40 Qxb2 Qxc4 41 Qa2 Qxa2+ 42 Kxa2 Rc4 43 Re3 Ra4+ 44 Ra3 Rxh4 45 b6 Rh2+ 46 Kb1 Re2 47 b7 Re8 48 Rxa5 ‘and wins’.
The occasion was not specified, but Mr Killoran suggests, based on the lengthy material on page 2 of the Royal Leamington Spa Courier and Warwickshire Standard, 30 June 1855, that the game was played in Leamington in 1855. See too pages 255-267 of the Chess Player’s Chronicle, 1855.
Both de Rivière and Wyvill are in the Leamington, 1855 illustration discussed in Pictures of Howard Staunton.
Concerning Capablanca’s letter to Alekhine dated 29 November 1927, which was shown in C.N. 10022, Thierry Lafargue (Mont de Marsan, France) draws attention to an article entitled ‘Le séjour de Karpov à Paris’ by Roland Lecomte on page 197 of Europe Echecs, July 1976. It recorded that at a reception in his honour in Paris on 2 June 1976 Karpov was presented with the original letter, which had been bequeathed to the Ligue de l’Ile-de-France by its late Honorary President, Louis Sol. The document ‘est destiné à être la possession du champion du Monde en titre’.
The relevant parts of the report:
Mr Lafargue asks where Capablanca’s letter is today.
Eduardo Bauzá Mercére (New York, NY, USA) provides an addition (S.L. McCalla-L.D. Barbour, Philadelphia, 17 April 1887) to our small collection of pre-Alekhine specimens of Alekhine’s Defence. It was published on page 16 of the New Orleans Times-Democrat, 1 May 1887:
1 e4 Nf6 2 e5 Ne4 3 d3 Nc5 4 d4 Nca6 5 f4 e6 6 Nc3 Bb4 7 Bd2 c5 8 d5 Bxc3 9 Bxc3 exd5 10 Qxd5 O-O 11 O-O-O Qe7 12 a3 Qe6 13 Qe4 f5 14 Qa4 Kh8 15 Nf3 h6 16 Rd6 Qe7 17 g3 b6 18 Nh4 Kh7 19 Bg2 Nc6 20 Ng6 Qe8 21 Nxf8+ Qxf8 22 Bxc6 dxc6 23 Qxc6 Rb8 24 Rhd1 Bb7
25 Rxh6+ gxh6 26 Rd7+ Kh8 26 Qg6 Resigns.
An observation by Wolfgang Heidenfeld on page 16 of Lacking the Master Touch (Cape Town, 1970):
From Gerard Killoran (Ilkley, England) comes a report about a 22-board simultaneous exhibition by Akiba Rubinstein in Burnley on 12 February 1925, from page 6 of the Burnley News, 18 February 1925:
A. Armistead v A. Rubinstein:
1 e4 e5 2 d4 exd4 3 Qxd4 Nc6 4 Qd1 Nf6 5 f3 Bc5 6 Bd3 O-O 7 Bg5 d5 8 Ne2 dxe4 9 Bxe4
9...Bf2+ 10 Kxf2 Nxe4+ 11 fxe4 Qxg5 12 h4 Qf6+ 13 Ke1 Qxb2 14 Nbc3 Bg4 15 Rb1 Qa3 16 Rb3 Qe7 17 Qd2 Rad8 18 Qe3 Na5 19 Nd5 Qe5 20 Rd3 c6 21 Qd4 Qe8
22 Nf6+ gxf6 23 Qxf6 Qe6 24 Qg5+ Kh8 25 Rxd8 Rxd8 26 Qxd8+ Kg7 27 Qg5+ Kh8 28 Qd8+ Kg7 29 Qxa5 Qxe4 30 Qg5+ Kf8 31 Qd8+ Kg7 32 Qd4+ Qxd4 33 Nxd4 Resigns.
We note that the photograph and game (with almost identical annotations) had been given on page 15 of the Burnley Express and Clitheroe Division Advertiser, 14 February 1925. It stated that Willie Race ‘acted as interpreter, as the chess master speaks no English’.
A slightly clearer version of the photograph of Race and Rubinstein:
Peter Verschueren (Kudelstraat, the Netherlands) sends this cartoon by Jo Spier (1900-78) from page 11 of De Telegraaf, 16 December 1935:
This screen-shot has been provided by Alan O’Brien (Mitcham, England) from the 1956 television programme Colonel March of Scotland Yard: The New Invisible Man. The episode can be viewed on-line, and the shot of Boris Karloff holding a chess book (which, our correspondent notes, appears to be My Best Games of Chess with the standard dust-jacket of Bell chess books), occurs at about 14’40”.
C.N. 10016 asked whether confirmation can be found that Max Pavey’s death in 1957, at the age of 39, was caused by radioactivity. Pavey was an employee of the Canadian Radium and Uranium Corporation Laboratory in Mount Kisco, NY.
Ed Tassinari (Scarsdale, NY, USA) notes that the obituary of the co-founder of the company, Alexander Pregel, in the New York Times of 28 June 1998 stated:
Manfred Mittelbach (Cape Town) reports that he owns a coloured version of the engraving of Philidor’s blindfold display in London in 1794:
Our correspondent also quotes from a letter (London, 25 February 1794) written by Philidor to his wife:
Source: page 181 of Philidor musicien et joueur d’échecs (Paris, 1995). Philidor’s spelling was not altered. A discrepancy is that ‘samedi dernier’ was 22, and not 23, February.
Mr Mittelbach also mentions that the engraving was published on page 16 of the Times, 7 September 1926, in conjunction with, on page 10, a lengthy article marking the bicentenary of Philidor’s birth.
That material reinforces our criticism of Charles Michael Carroll for writing on page 141 of Pour Philidor (Koblenz, 1994):
The 1926 Times article was headed:
The newspaper’s chess correspondent was Edward Samuel Tinsley.
The Times article is relevant to the discussion about the date of Philidor’s death (C.N. 10046). E.S. Tinsley wrote:
John Keeble referred to that passage at the end of his above-mentioned article published on pages 434-436 of the October 1926 BCM:
The latest word on Philidor’s resting place is the article referred to in C.N. 10046, ‘Sleuthing for Philidor’s Grave’ by Gordon Cadden on pages 357-362 of the June 2016 BCM.
The terminology used for Indian openings varies widely from one language to another and, often, within a language.
Martin Sims (Upper Hutt, New Zealand) notes Réti’s exposé, which includes ‘Vollindisch’ among the terms credited to Kmoch, on page 253 of Die Meister des Schachbretts (Mährisch-Ostrau, 1930). After stating that the term ‘Indisch’ came ‘nach einem Einfall Tartakowers’, Réti wrote:
The corresponding passage on pages 137-138 of Masters of the Chess Board (London, 1933) had ‘All Indian’:
We add that the names for Indian openings were discussed, unwelcomingly, in a letter to the BCM from ‘Episcopus’ on pages 246-247 of the June 1932 issue:
C.N. 3902 discussed FIDE’s attempts to standardize nomenclature, which culminated in the publication of Débuts du jeu d’échecs (Prague, 1934):
Pages 18-20 set out the fruits of the teamwork on the ‘Partie indienne’:
Another photograph from our archives:
Can the less familiar diners be identified?
From Lars Grahn (Malmö, Sweden):
The article by Lajos Steiner referred to in C.N. 10035 (Chess World, 1 December 1947, pages 265-266):
The details on where Béla Bakay’s mate-in-90 problem first appeared have not yet been found.
This photograph, reproduced from an Estonian webpage on Ilmar Raud (1913-41) with the permission of the site-owner, Margus Sööt, has been drawn to our attention by Thomas Ristoja (Helsinki). He believes that the picture may have been taken in Munich in 1936 and identifies (from left to right) 1 Vladimir Petrov; 2 Isakas Vistaneckis; 4 Osmo Kaila; 5 Ilmar Raud. Can the others be named?
Bruce Monson (Colorado Springs, CO, USA) notes that two photographs accompanied a report in the Los Angeles Times, 7 August 1983, pages 1 and 7. Better copies are sought.
From C.H.O’D. Alexander’s column in the Sunday Times Magazine, 6 September 1970, page 38:
The article concluded:
‘... when you have read Réti you will find that you have had your chess horizons widened without noticing it and you will be able, at least partially, to see the modern masters through Réti’s eyes.’
From Hans Renette (Bierbeek, Belgium):
We add a few items about Reeves, beginning with his obituary on page 8 of the Times, 20 January 1914:
A detailed article was published on page 227 of the British Medical Journal, 24 January 1914. There was no obituary in the BCM, but page 158 of the March 1914 Chess Amateur had a brief notice:
Reeves was featured in the ‘Portrait Gallery’ of the Chess Monthly, October 1892, pages 33-34:
Reeves’ articles on 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 f5 appeared in several issues of the Chess Monthly, and material was later presented by, in particular, George S. Carr. Over a period of nearly four years there were dozens of pages of text, analysis and tables on the Schliemann Defence.
The Burn v Reeves game given by Mr Renette was annotated by Richard Forster on page 458 of Amos Burn A Chess Biography (Jefferson, 2004), the score being taken from van Vliet’s column on page 20 of the Sunday Times, 1 February 1914.
The antepenultimate paragraph of the Chess Monthly text shown above has a notably early occurrence of ‘wood shifting’ (see the entries for that term in the Factfinder). The Steinitz ‘You vil combine’ remark (cf. C.N. 9894) in the penultimate paragraph was quoted in an item about Reeves on page 187 of the November 1929 American Chess Bulletin:
As discussed in Chess and Poetry, Wordsworth Donisthorpe’s ‘British Chess Club Alphabet’ on pages 138-139 of the January 1895 Chess Monthly referred to Reeves’ theoretical and surgical prowess:
A note by Potter and Steinitz concerning 1 c4:
Sources: the 18 April 1874 edition of the Field and page 89 of the May 1874 issue of the City of London Chess Magazine.
C.N. 9166 asked for instances during Howard Staunton’s lifetime of 1 c4 being called the English Opening on the basis of his espousal of the move. None having yet been found, we give below a slightly later citation. It is a note by G. Reichhelm about 1 c4 in a Delmar v Brewer correspondence game on page 362 of the American Chess Journal, June 1879 (annotations reproduced from page 4 of the Hartford Weekly Times, 19 June 1879):
Four of the cartoons in the anonymous book ¿Juguemos al ajedrez? (Barcelona, 1947), whose front cover was shown in C.N. 6329:
Towards the end of the book – the pages are unnumbered – the Immortal Game was shown. Anderssen’s nationality was given as English, and his opponent was misnamed (‘... entre los grandes maestros Anderssen (inglés) y Kiesevitzki (ruso)’). The same mistakes occur in connection with the musical composition La Inmortal by Ferrer Ferran.
Leonard Barden’s Evening Standard column of 4 August 2016 gave this position from Mario Monticelli v Al Horowitz, Syracuse, August 1934:
Black to move
Can the full game-score be found?
The conclusion was published on page 329 of The Personality of Chess (New York, 1963), which Horowitz co-wrote with P.L. Rothenberg:
From page 339 of the November 1964 Chess Review (edited by Horowitz), in an article by Daniel Fidlow:
Writers who find the chess world claustrophobically small often go for a broad sweep, i.e. big-picture waffle with an abundance of non-chess name-dropping. If, for instance, the subject is genius, Leonardo da Vinci is always handy. The dual advantage – for the writer, if no-one else – is that broad sweepings can be redacted at speed without the need to know anything and, on account of their vagueness, without the risk of confutation.
Pages 85-86 of Famous Chess Players by Peter Morris Lerner (Minneapolis, 1973) devoted about 20 lines to a hazy comparison between Bobby Fischer and Isaac Newton.
Manfred Mittelbach (Cape Town) notes the discussion on pages 77-79 of a book mentioned in C.N. 6868, François André Danican Philidor La culture échiquéenne en France et en Angleterre au XVIIIe siècle by Sergio Boffa (Olomouc, 2010).
Our correspondent wonders whether the picture of Philidor’s blindfold display was published in any chess book prior to A Century of British Chess by P.W. Sergeant (London, 1934). It appeared there opposite page 22 with the acknowledgement ‘From an engraving, by kind permission of the City of London Chess Club’.
From John Townsend (Wokingham, England):
C.N. 9739 mentioned that the absence of sources in Chess Results, 1747-1900 by Gino Di Felice (Jefferson, 2004), as had been noted in C.N. 3594, was corrected later in the series, starting with Chess Results, 1941-1946 (Jefferson, 2008).
A source is helpful in this case, from page 291 of Chess Results, 1956-1960 (Jefferson, 2010):
Below is what was published in the Australian magazine in 1958:
This was not a topical report but an historical article on matches played in 1946. Tartakower died in 1956.
Gerard Killoran (Ilkley, England) notes page 19 of the Syracuse Journal, 23 August 1934:
The newspaper can be viewed on-line, and the above page is file number 6445.Ian Matthew (Portsmouth, England) notes that the Monticelli v Horowitz game is in a database of the Federazione Scacchistica Italiana:
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 O-O b5 6 Bb3 Nxe4 7 d4 d5 8 dxe5 Be6 9 c3 Be7 10 Be3 Na5 11 Nd4 Nxb3 12 axb3 Qd7 13 b4 f5 14 f3 Ng5 15 Nd2 O-O 16 f4 Ne4 17 N2b3 Rfc8 18 g4 Rf8 19 Nxe6 Qxe6 20 Nd4 Qg6 21 Nxf5 Rxf5 22 Qxd5+ Kh8 23 Qxa8+ Rf8 24 Rxa6 Qxg4+ 25 Kh1 Qe2 26 Qxe4 Qxf1+ 27 Bg1 Rxf4 28 Ra1 Rxe4 29 Rxf1 Rxe5 30 Bd4 Rg5 31 Re1 Bf8 32 Re8 Rf5 33 Bc5 Kg8 34 Kg2 g5 35 Rc8 Kg7 36 Rxc7+ Kg6 37 Rc6+ Kh5 38 b3 Bg7 39 c4 bxc4 40 bxc4 Rf4 41 Bd6 Rd4 42 b5 Kg4 43 h3+ Kf5 44 b6 Rd2+ 45 Kf1 Ke4 46 b7 Kf3 47 Bb4 Rd1+ 48 Be1 Rb1 49 Rc7 Be5 50 Rf7+ Bf4 51 c5 Ke4 52 Rxf4+ gxf4 53 c6 Ke3 54 c7 ‘1-0’.
As ever in such cases, confirmation from a written source is desirable.
From page 387 of the Chess Amateur, October 1911:
From Lasker v Capablanca, Moscow, 3 June 1936:
In reply to 19 f5, Black played 19...e5.
That remark by C.J.S. Purdy was quoted on page 217 of The Immortal Games of Capablanca by Fred Reinfeld (New York, 1942) and on pages 259-260 of Capablanca’s Best Chess Endings by Irving Chernev (Oxford, 1978). Neither book mentioned the source: Purdy’s annotations on pages 283-284 of the Australasian Chess Review, 8 October 1936.
The game continued 20 Nh5 Qb7 21 Bg5 f6 22 Be3 Nc7 23 Qd1 Rd8 24 Rd2 Kh8 25 a3 Rbc8 26 Bf2 d5.
A game with the same theme was annotated by Purdy on pages 49-50 of Chess World, February 1957:
Emanuel Basta – Ortvin Sarapu
1 d4 Nf6 2 c4 c5 3 d5 e6 4 Nc3 exd5 5 Nxd5 Nxd5 6 Qxd5 Be7 7 Nf3 Nc6 8 e4 O-O 9 Be3 d6 10 Qd2 Re8 11 Bd3 Bf6 12 O-O Qb6 13 Rab1 Bg4 14 Ne1 Ne5 15 f3 Be6 16 b3 Rad8 17 Bf2 h6 18 Rd1 Qa6 19 Be2 Nc6 20 Bd3 Nb4 21 a4 Qb6 22 Rb1 Bg5 23 f4 Bf6 24 Nf3
24...d5 25 exd5 Bxd5 26 cxd5 Rxd5 27 Rfe1 Red8 28 Nd4 Nxd3 29 Qxd3 Bxd4 30 Bxd4 Rxd4 31 Qc2 Rxf4 ‘and wins’.
In his introduction Purdy referred to ‘the extraordinary piece of play’, adding that the game ...
Purdy gave 24...d5 two exclamation marks and commented as follows on Sarapu’s play:
Peter Anderberg (Harmstorf, Germany) notes that the Monticelli v Horowitz game was published on page 785 of L’Echiquier, October-November 1934:
From page 2 of Bell’s Life in London, 26 July 1835:
A simplified French translation/paraphrase was published on pages 261-262 of Le Palamède, 1837 with this dissenting remark (backed up with no reasoning):
‘Nous ne partageons pas en cette occasion l’opinion du rédacteur du Bell’s Life in London, et nous croyons que le joueur qui roquera en touchant d’abord sa tour, puis touchant immédiatement son roi, ne sera point répréhensible.’
Wanted: other claims, from any period, that castling does not require the king to be moved first.
The Chess-Player’s Handbook by Howard Staunton (London, 1847) was widely copied, with or without acknowledgement and often without thought.
An example, concerning J’adoube, is provided by page 36, in the section entitled ‘The Laws of the Game’:
A search in Google Books shows that Staunton’s text was reproduced verbatim in a number of publications, even though the first part of Law IX is obviously faulty.
The rule in question (from ‘Laws of Chess, as lately revised by a Committee of the London Chess Club’, published on pages 266-269 of the Chess Player’s Chronicle, 1842):
In the Handbook the fourth word, ‘take’, was subsequently corrected to ‘touch’. In which edition was the amendment first made?
From Jan Kalendovský (Brno, Czech Republic) come two photographs published on page 4 of Světozor, 5 August 1910:
In addition to the famous group photograph of Hastings, 1895 – e.g. opposite page 48 of Hundert Jahre Schachturniere by P. Feenstra Kuiper (Amsterdam, 1964) – there is a less familiar picture discussed in C.N.s 4663, 5832, 5836, 5841, 7354 and 7879.
Information is requested on a further shot which was mentioned by Robert J. Buckley in an article in the Birmingham Mercury reproduced on page 10 of the July 1899 American Chess Magazine:
In an 1895 article shown in C.N. 7879 Buckley wrote that the players’ excursion to Battle Abbey had ‘the usual group-photographing inseparable from such occasions’.
Joose Norri (Helsinki) mentions the game Miles v Polugayevsky, Tilburg, 1985. Miles’ notes on pages 19-20 of the 11/1985 issue of New in Chess included the following:
‘19...O-O-Oh!?’ was amended to ‘19...O-O-O-a!?’ when the annotations were given on pages 179-182 of the anthology Tony Miles: ‘It’s Only Me’ compiled by Geoff Lawton (London, 2003). The episode was also discussed on pages 48-49 of De Rochade by Robert Timmer (Venlo-Antwerp, 1994); see too pages 40-41 of the English edition, Startling Castling! (London, 1997).
The series of portraits by Frederick Orrett sent to us by Michael McDowell (Westcliff-on-sea, England) continues with William Shelley Branch and two incomplete pictures of Rudolf Spielmann:
This couplet in Wordsworth Donisthorpe’s ‘British Chess Club Alphabet’ (from the January 1895 Chess Monthly, pages 138-139) was discussed in C.N. 10065:
Sean Robinson (Tacoma, WA, USA) would like to know the earliest occurrence of the term ‘bust’ in connection with opening theory.
Busts! by Wolfgang Heidenfeld (Sutton Coldfield, 1947) measures only 12cm x 9cm and has 17 pages of text, but anything by Heidenfeld is worth reading. Some general comments from pages 3-4:
Dominique Thimognier (Fondettes, France) reports that the Gallica site of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France has recently placed on-line a run of the Pariser Zeitung, the newspaper published during the Nazi occupation of France.
articles which appeared under Alekhine’s name were
printed there in six parts, on 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23
March 1941. The Gallica project lacks the first part in
the serialization, but the other five have been drawn
together in a file
by Mr Thimognier, together with an introductory note in
the 16 March 1941 edition.
Pariser Zeitung, 19 March 1941, page 3
Our correspondent adds:
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