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Mate in two
Avital Pilpel (Haifa, Israel) writes:
Alfons Lasker was mentioned in C.N. 2106 (see pages 232-233 of Kings, Commoners and Knaves), and the relevant section is reproduced below:
The following have been received from Eduardo Bauzá Mercére (New York, NY, USA):
Shakhmaty v SSSR, 5/1962, page 131. Kim analysing his game with Aron Davies, mentioned in C.N. 11068
Shakhmaty v SSSR, 3/1964, page 13. Kim with his trainer, Georgy Isaevich Shakh-Zade.
Mate in two
The solution is 1 Qc2 (threat: 2 Qb1 mate) 1...Rxb2 2 Qxb2 mate.
The problem was composed by Knud Hannemann to honour the fine performance of the Danish players in the first International Team Tournament (London, 1927). The four representatives of Denmark were Ruben, Andersen, Norman-Hansen and Krause, and the initial letters of their surnames are depicted in the course of the solution, i.e. beginning with R in the starting position. The composer’s own initials (forename and surname) also appear, and a particularly clever point is that in the case of Norman-Hansen the relevant position (after 1...Rxb2) can be read as both an N and an H:
The composition, sent to us by Michael McDowell (Westcliff-on-sea, England), was published on page 112 of the Danish magazine Skakbladet, August 1927:
From page 109 of the same issue:
Issues of Skakbladet available on-line at the website of the Dansk Skak Union include the period 1924-39.
Concerning the ‘tough deciphering challenge’ put forward in C.N. 11627, the first 31 moves are tentatively proposed by Olimpiu G. Urcan (Singapore):
1 e4 e6 2 d4 d5 3 Nc3 Nf6 4 Bg5 Be7 5 e5 Nfd7 6 Bxe7 Qxe7 7 Qd2 Nc6 8 f4 Nb6 9 Nf3 Bd7 10 Nb5 O-O-O 11 a4 a6 12 a5 Na8 13 Nc3 Na7 14 Bd3 c5 15 dxc5 Qxc5 16 Ne2 Nc7 17 b4 Qe7 18 Ned4 Qe8 19 O-O Nc6 20 Nb3 Na7 21 Nc5 Kb8 22 Nd4 Ncb5 23 Bxb5 Nxb5 24 Ndb3 Bc6 25 Qf2 d4 26 Rad1 Qe7 27 Nxd4 Nxd4 28 Rxd4 Ka8 29 Rfd1 Bd5 30 Qd2 Rc8 31 c4 Bc6.
The finish to Monticelli v Horowitz, Syracuse, 1934 has been discussed in C.N.s 10068, 10073, 10076 and 10105, and a further snippet is added here, from page 79 of the March 1962 Chess Review (in an article by Walter Korn):
The game was played in 1934, and not 1938, but the present item will focus on the three-move problem, labelled ‘P. Daley (1935)’ by Korn. That unexplained date is about 60 years adrift.
The composition is customarily presented without a source, as on page 311 of the July 1906 BCM:
P.H. Williams gave the ‘well-known position’ on page 97 of his book The Modern Chess Problem (London, 1903), commenting:
On page 252 of Brentano’s Chess Monthly, September 1881 there was neither a source nor a white pawn on a6:
Page 300 of the October 1881 issue of Brentano’s Chess Monthly noted the missing white pawn on a6 and had this correction regarding of the Martindale problem: ‘The bishops should stand on QR2 and QB sq.’ See too the Chess Player’s Chronicle, 20 September 1881, page 450 and 1 November 1881, page 525.
The path backwards continues, as Michael McDowell (Westcliff-on-sea, England) has pointed out by sending us this entry in the WinChloe database (reproduced here with the permission of Christian Poisson):
On page 59 of the April 1874 issue of the City of London Chess Magazine the composer’s name was indeed given as Daly, and not Daley, and the same spelling was on page 128 of the June 1874 edition:
Was he Daly or Daley, and who was he?
A game won by J.H. Blackburne against a player named Daly was published on pages 5-6 of the Household Chess Magazine, 31 January 1865:
(Remove White’s queen’s knight.) 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bc4 Nf6 4 d4 Bd6 5 O-O O-O 6 Bg5 Nxd4 7 Nxd4 exd4 8 f4 Be7 9 Bxf6 Bxf6 10 e5 Be7 11 f5 d5 12 Bd3 f6 13 e6 c5 14 c4 dxc3 15 bxc3 c4 16 Bc2 b5 17 Qg4 Bc5+ 18 Kh1 Qe7 19 Rf3 Bb7 20 Rh3 a5 21 Rf1 d4 22 Rf4 Bd6
23 Qg6 ‘and White mates in two moves’.
Claus Montonen (Helsingfors, Finland) notes that a FIDE flag is in a photograph captioned ‘Participants of [sic] the Interzonal Tournament, Gothenburg, Sweden 1955’ in the 2009 edition of the Bronstein/Fürstenberg book The Sorcerer’s Apprentice, and that partial shots of what appears to be the same flag are in Tidskrift för Schack, 10-11/1952, page 254, and 4/1955, page 201.
As mentioned in C.N. 9711, the Swedish magazine can be read on-line.
Arthur Larrue (Lisbon) informs us that a short story that he has written about Alekhine, as well as Tartakower and Najdorf, set in Buenos Aires, September 1939, has been published on pages 15-30 of the November 2019 issue of La nouvelle revue française.
The title, ‘Plus immoral que Richard Wagner et Jack l’Eventreur’, is adapted from a grossly misjudged remark about Alekhine by Harold Schonberg quoted in The Games of Alekhine.
C.N. 9568 mentioned Yfir farinn veg með Bobby Fischer by Garðar Sverrisson (Reykjavik, 2015), and C.N. 9600 drew attention to a particular point: the author’s categorical statement that Fischer had nothing to do with My 61 Memorable Games.
An English translation, by Maria Helga Guðmundsdóttir, of Sverrisson’s ‘personal memoir’ has now been published, a 224-page hardback entitled Bobby Fischer The Final Years (Reykjavik, 2019).
Among the many dozens of volumes about Fischer, Sverrisson’s exceptionally informative and gripping work stands out, and for as long as interest in Fischer endures, it will be avidly read and quoted.
On the subject of Charles Dickens and Chess, Ross Jackson (Raumati South, New Zealand) draws attention to an academic paper, ‘Dickens’s Gamers: Social Thinking in Victorian Gaming and Social Systems’ by Alyssa Bellows (Cambridge University Press, 2019).
Aidan Woodger (Halifax, England) expands on the entries for Reuben Fine in Where Did They Live?:
Reuben Fine, Marshall
Chess Club, 7 December 1942
The Gallica website has two fine photographs of Ossip Bernstein dated 1927.
Eduardo Bauzá Mercére (New York, NY, USA) sends this photograph of Sergei Belavenets (1910-42) from page 7 of a special issue of 64. Шахматно-шашечная газет, 27 May 1938:
Mark Erickson (Richland, WA, USA) reports that pages 265-266 of Good Books: A Book Lover’s Companion by Steven Gilbar (New Haven, 1982) included a section on chess. The titles picked were Every Great Chess Player Was Once A Beginner (Byfield and Orpin), The Chess Companion (Chernev), Idle Passion (Cockburn), Bobby Fischer vs. the Rest of the World (Darrach), King Kill (Gavin), All About Chess (Horowitz), Paul Morphy (Lawson), The Defense (Nabokov), Modern Ideas in Chess (Réti), Grandmasters of Chess (Schonberg), and A Picture History of Chess (Wilson).
Little effort was invested:
Information is sought regarding the documents mentioned in the chess column of the Rev. Dr Davies on page 6 of the Ipswich Journal, and Suffolk, Norfolk, Essex, and Cambridgeshire Advertiser, 3 June 1898:
(Remove Black’s f-pawn.) 1 e4 ... 2 d4 e6 3 Bd3 c5 4 e5 g6 5 c3 Nc6 6 Nf3 cxd4 7 cxd4 Bb4+ 8 Nc3 Qa5 9 Bd2 d5 10 h4 Bd7 11 a3 Be7 12 b4 Qb6 13 Na4 Qc7 14 Rc1 a6 15 Bg5 b5 16 Bxe7 Ngxe7 17 Nc5 Nf5 18 Bxf5 gxf5 19 Ng5 Ke7 20 Qh5 Raf8 21 Qd1 h6 22 Nxd7 Qxd7 23 Nf3 Rfg8 24 g3 Rg4 25 Rc3 Re4+ 26 Kf1 Rg8 27 Qc1 Rc8 28 Qxh6 Kd8 29 Ng5 Ke7 30 Qf6+ Ke8 31 Qg6+ Ke7 32 Qf7+ Kd8 33 Nxe6+ Resigns.
El Ajedrez Americano, November 1935, page 175 (C.N. 3697)
From Michael Clapham (Ipswich, England):
From page 19 of the book on the 1966 Olympiad in Havana:
Wanted: more information about this painting, which is based on the Bad Kissingen, 1928 group photograph.
Page 362 of the October 1971 BCM gave this shot:
Two appearances of the painting on the front cover of the Cuban periodical Jaque Mate:
The photograph below, showing a commemoration of the 1921 world championship match, was taken at the National Museum of Sports, Havana by Bernardo Alonso García and was sent to us in 1994 by Armando Alonso Lorenzo (Prov. Ciego de Avila, Cuba):
C.N. 11640 gave this 1938 study by Vladimir Korolkov, without notes:
White to move and win
1 Qg1 b1(Q) 2 Qxb1 g1(Q) 3 Qxg1 Rg3 4 Qg2 Rg4 5 Qg3 Rg5 6 Qg4 Rxg4 7 Ke7 Re4+ 8 Kxd7 Rd4 9 f8(Q) Rxd6+ 10 Ke7 Rd7+ 11 Ke6 Re7+ 12 Kd6 Rd7+ 13 Ke5 Re7+ 14 Be6+.
The profundity of the composition is shown by pages 116-118 of Korolkov’s book Избранные этюды (Moscow, 1958):
The Introduction (page 5) to Play Like a World Champion José Raúl Capablanca by Bill Jordan (‘Amazon Fufillment’, Wrocław, 2019) begins with a paragraph which was considered good enough to reproduce on the back cover:
From page 223 of Alt om Skak by Bjørn Nielsen (Odense, 1943):
Sean Robinson (Tacoma, WA, USA) informs us of the death of Robert B. Long earlier this month. He was murdered at his home in Davenport, IA, USA.
Bob Long was a chess editor, bookseller and writer whose magazines included the Chess Gazette, Lasker & His Contemporaries and Squares. The most prominent of the many books published by his company, Thinkers’ Press, was a series of compilations of C.J.S. Purdy’s writings.
From page 10 of the Globe, 24 December 1910 (chess column by O.C. Müller):
1 e4 e5 2 f4 exf4 3 Nf3 g5 4 h4 g4 5 Ne5 d6 6 Nxf7 Kxf7 7 Bc4+ Kg7 8 d4 Be7 9 Bxf4 Nf6 10 Qd2 h6 11 Nc3 Nh5 12 O-O Nxf4 13 Rxf4 Rf8 14 Rxf8 Bxf8 15 Rf1 Nc6 16 Rf7+ Kh8
17 Ne2 Bg7 18 Nf4 Bxd4+ 19 Qxd4+ Nxd4 20 Ng6+ Kg8 21 Rd7+ Resigns.
Source: The Globe, 14 January 1911, page 8.
Though absent from various databases, the game is not altogether ‘unknown’. It is on pages 117-118 of The Complete Games of Oldrich Duras by Jan Kalendovský (Nottingham, 1997), which took the score from Časopis českých šachistů, 1911, page 22:
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 Nf6 4 d3 Bc5 5 Be3 Bxe3 6 fxe3 d6 7 O-O O-O 8 Qe1 a6 9 Bc4 b5 10 Bb3 Be6 11 Nc3 Bxb3 12 axb3 Nb4 13 Rc1 Nd7 14 Nh4 Nc5 15 Qg3 Ne6 16 Nd5 Nxd5 17 exd5 Nc5 18 Rf2 f6 19 Nf5 Qd7
20 d4 Nb7 21 Rcf1 Kh8 22 Rf3 Rae8 23 Qh4 g6 24 Nh6 f5 25 g4 f4 26 exf4 exd4 27 f5 Qe7 28 g5 Qe4 29 fxg6 Rxf3 30 Nf7+ Rxf7 31 gxf7 Qe3+ 32 Kh1 Rf8 33 g6 Resigns.
Jerry Spinrad (Nashville, TN, USA) notes that when the mate-in-three problem was given on page 35 of the Melbourne Leader, 9 July 1898 it was referred to as ‘a little American production ... of which Philip Daley was the author’. Additional citations are sought.
Further to C.N.s 5777, 5974, 9216 and 9465 (‘balcony photographs’ taking during the 1933 International Team Tournament, held at the Leas Cliff Hall, Folkestone), below is the Swedish team, from page 181 of Skakbladet, December 1933:
From W.H. Cozens’ review of Lacking the Master Touch by Wolfgang Heidenfeld (Cape Town, 1970) C.N. 8300 quoted a remark about the ‘comical’ 1954 game Heidenfeld v Roele: ‘the dénouement must be seen to be believed.’
1 e4 e5 2 Nc3 Nf6 3 f4 d5 4 fxe5 Nxe4 5 d3 Nxc3 6 bxc3 Be7 7 Nf3 O-O 8 Be2 c5 9 d4 Nc6 10 O-O f6 11 Bf4 g5 12 exf6 gxf4 13 fxe7 Qxe7 14 Bd3 c4 15 Re1 Qa3 16 Bxh7+ Kxh7 17 Ng5+ Kg6 18 Ne6 Bxe6 19 Rxe6+ Kf5 20 Rh6 Qxc3 21 Qh5+ Ke4 22 Rd1 Rae8 23 Qg6+ Ke3 24 Rh3+ f3 25 Rxf3+ Ke2 26 Rxc3 Kxd1 27 h4 Nxd4 28 Kh2 Ne2 29 Rf3 d4 30 h5 Rxf3 31 gxf3 Re3
32 Qf5 d3 33 cxd3 c3 34 Qc5 Rxf3 35 h6 Rf6 36 Qg5 Rf2+ 37 Kh3 Nf4+ 38 Kg4 Rg2+ 39 Kf5 Rxg5+ 40 Kxg5
40...c2 41 h7 c1(Q) 42 h8(Q) Nxd3+ 43 White resigns.
Heidenfeld’s concluding note on page 29 of Games & Puzzles, February 1977, after recording his resignation:
An analytical point on the same page of Games & Puzzles indicates a further publication:
Heidenfeld had written similarly on page 35 of Lacking the Master Touch:
The game was not published by the Deutsche Schachzeitung in 1954. It was annotated by Heidenfeld on pages 44-45 of the February 1961 issue (with 32 h6 recommended), but no subsequent analytical correction from a reader has been traced.
More information is sought regarding Heidenfeld’s remark on page 33 of Lacking the Master Touch that his loss to Roele ‘was awarded the prize for the most amusing game in a competition run by Harry Golombek in the Observer’.
The game was discussed on pages 94-97 of Chess Curiosities by Tim Krabbé (London, 1985), but here too there is an unexpected hitch for the researcher, as the section concludes:
We have not noted the game in the BCM of any year.
On the analytical front, see too an article by Allan Beardsworth.
Introducing the score in Games & Puzzles, Heidenfeld wrote:
Heidenfeld also gave the occasion as ‘a small training match at Amsterdam 1954’ on page 33 of Lacking the Master Touch. More details were in the introduction to the game on page 34 of his book Chess Springbok (Cape Town, 1955):
In all four sources referred to (Chess Springbok, the Deutsche Schachzeitung, Lacking the Master Touch and Games & Puzzles) Heidenfeld stated that the game was played in Amsterdam. So did Tim Krabbé on page 94 of Chess Curiosities, but in an on-line article ‘Migrating to the South’ he amended Amsterdam to Utrecht on the basis of information received from a reader in 2004:
However, the change from Amsterdam to Utrecht seems to be based on a misinterpretation of the article, which is reproduced below in full, courtesy of the Royal Dutch Library in The Hague:
The reference to Utrecht in the last paragraph of page 165 concerns, primarily, the double-round match between Holland and West Germany (witnessed by Heidenfeld, who wrote a report on pages 109-110 of the April 1954 BCM) and, secondarily, his two-game match against E. Spanjaard (a ‘side-show’ to the international match, he wrote on page 28 of Chess Springbok). As Heidenfeld consistently gave Utrecht as the venue for his match against Spanjaard and Amsterdam in the case of Roele, it is unlikely that the passage in the South African Chessplayer meant to imply that the match against Roele took place in Utrecht.
In Lacking the Master Touch Heidenfeld v Roele preceded Spanjaard v Heidenfeld, but Chess Springbok had this sequence: Heidenfeld v Spanjaard (Utrecht, March 1954), Spanjaard v Heidenfeld (Utrecht, March 1954), Heidenfeld v Roele (Amsterdam, March 1954).
Despite the remark on pages 165-166 of the April 1954 South African Chessplayer, there was no follow-up coverage of Heidenfeld v Roele, although pages 177-180 of the May 1954 issue had an article by Euwe which discussed Heidenfeld’s visit to Holland and annotated his victory with the black pieces against Spanjaard. The former world champion included this general assessment of Heidenfeld:
As regards Roele, on page 94 of Chess Curiosities Tim Krabbé wrote:
Permission from Alamy.com for us to reproduce this photograph of Alexander Ivanovich Alekhin (1856-1917) has been obtained by Olimpiu G. Urcan (Singapore).
C.N. 9561 showed part of the back cover of C.J.S. Purdy’s Guide to Good Chess (Davenport, 2006):
The front cover of another Thinkers’ Chess production, published towards the end of 2019, also has a reference to Fischer on which more information is sought:
Purdy is almost universally admired, but C.N. 9639 quoted the following from Larry Evans, in a letter to us dated 12 November 1990:
We add here a film clip of Purdy giving a simultaneous display. An announcement of the event was on page 41 of Chess World, 1 February 1951:
The photograph of Purdy below comes from page 155 of the Australasian Chess Review, 30 June 1938 and is of slightly better technical quality than the version given in C.N. 4924 from page 284 of Chess World, December 1951.
To the many cases listed in the Factfinder, an addition is made from page 12 of the Universities Chess Annual, November 1950:
Black to move
This position arose in the game between J.E. Littlewood and M.J. Egginton in round ten of the inaugural individual championship of the British Universities Chess Association, held at Trinity College, Cambridge on 17-28 July 1950:
Nothing more was said about the game.
From page 27 of Games & Puzzles, July 1976:
The poet’s name was given as M.M. Parrish on page 71 of the Saturday Evening Post, 24 November 1951:
Given the possibility of bibliographical confusion, below is a list, expanded from the entries in Books about Capablanca and Alekhine, of the various editions of Miguel A. Sanchez’s work:
Eduardo Bauzá Mercére (New York, NY, USA) sends a game from pages 31-33 of An Easy Introduction to the Game of Chess (London, 1813):
1 e4 e5 2 Bc4 Nc6 3 c3 h6 4 a3 g6 5 d4 exd4 6 cxd4 Bg7 7 Nf3 d6 8 h3 Bd7 9 Nc3 Nge7 10 Be3 O-O 11 Qd2 Kh7 12 O-O-O Na5 13 Ba2 b6
14 Rdf1 c6 15 h4 Be6 16 Kb1 Bxa2+ 17 Kxa2 Nc4 18 Qd3 Nxe3 19 Qxe3 f5 20 Rh2 fxe4 21 Nxe4 Nf5
22 Neg5+ hxg5 23 hxg5+ Kg8 24 Qe6+ Rf7 25 Qxg6 Kf8 26 Rh7 Qd7 27 Rfh1 Re8 28 g4 Re6 29 Qh5 Nxd4
30 Rxg7 Rxg7 31 Qh8+ Rg8 32 Qxd4 d5 33 Rh8 Rxh8 34 Qxh8+ Kf7 35 Ne5+ Rxe5 36 Qxe5 d4 37 Qf6+ Ke8 38 Kb1 c5.
Illustrated with the above position, ‘trébuchet’ has an entry in the 1984 and 1992 editions of The Oxford Companion to Chess by D. Hooper and K. Whyld (pages 360 and 428 respectively) with the statement that the term was introduced by Philippe Ambroise Durand and Jean-Louis Preti in 1871.
In the Internet age it can be easy to take such matters further. In the 1860 volume of La Régence the word ‘trébuchet’ is on page 121 of the April issue in an endgame article by Durand:
On pages 154 and 155 of the May 1860 issue he gave examples:
For information about Durand, see C.N.s 10156 and 10157.
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