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A specimen of the smothered mate is supplied by Eduardo Bauzá Mercére (New York, NY, USA), from page 2 of the Washington Post, 28 May 1916:
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 d6 5 d4 Bd7 6 c3 g6 7 Bb3 Bg7 8 Ng5 Nh6 9 O-O Qe7 10 f4 exd4 11 f5 O-O-O 12 Kh1 gxf5 13 exf5 Rde8 14 cxd4 Nxd4 15 Nc3 Nxb3 16 Qxb3 Bc6 17 Nf3 Rhg8 18 Bd2 Bxc3 19 Qxc3 Qe2 20 Rg1 Ng4 21 Be1
21...Re3 22 Nd4 Rxc3 23 Nxe2 Rh3 24 Bg3 Rxh2+ 25 Bxh2 Nf2 mate.
This game was annotated by Eliot Hearst on page 6 of Chess Life, 5 April 1953:
M. Bronstein – Eliot Hearst
1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 d6 3 d4 cxd4 4 Nxd4 Nf6 5 Nc3 a6 6 Bd3 e5 7 Nb3 Be6 8 Be3 Qc7 9 h3 b5 10 Qf3 Nbd7 11 O-O Nb6 12 Bg5 Be7 13 Rad1 O-O 14 Ne2 Nc4 15 Bc1 a5 16 Ng3 a4 17 Nd2 g6 18 Nxc4 bxc4 19 Be2 c3 20 b3 Kg7 21 Bg5 Ng8 22 Bxe7 Nxe7 23 Rd3 Rac8 24 Rfd1 Nc6 25 Nh5+ gxh5 26 Qxh5 f6 27 Rxd6 Qf7 28 R1d3 Nd4 29 Rg3+ Kh8
Hearst gave this move a question mark and commented:
The remaining moves were 30...Nxe2+ 31 Kh2 Bxf7 32 Re3 Nd4 33 Rxf6 axb3 34 axb3 Nxc2 35 Ref3 Nd4 36 Rxf7 Nxf3+ 37 Rxf3 Rxf3 38 gxf3 c2 39 White resigns.
This is the earliest occurrence of ‘cheapo’ that we recall seeing in a chess context.In a light-hearted article on page 154 of Chess Life, July 1962 Hearst wrote that the term was coined by the US master Dr Karl Burger, ‘who has won a large percentage of his games by such a maneuver’. Burger, it may be relevant to note, was born in 1933.
Page 61 of E.R. Brace’s An illustrated Dictionary of Chess (London, 1977) had nothing better than this:
The online Oxford English Dictionary has only relatively recent citations (1975, 1979 and 1985) for ‘cheapo’ as a noun:
Position after 15 f5 b4
In a discussion of Pillsbury v Marco, Paris, 1900, this note was on page 66 of American Chess Masters from Morphy to Fischer by Arthur Bisguier and Andrew Soltis (New York, 1974):
Who called such games ‘Pillsburials’?
The term ‘A Pillsburial’ appeared on page 149 of the May 1958 Chess Review, in the heading to a Nimzo-Indian Defence game between Bisguier and F. Pérez, Bogotá, 1958. That game is also on pages 181-183 of volume one of The Art of Bisguier (Hazel Crest, 2003).
A full-page inscription by Bisguier in American Chess Masters from Morphy to Fischer:
Still sought: pictures of Frederick William Womersley. The only specimen in Chessplayer Shot Dead in Hastings is a detail from the frontispiece to the November 1899 BCM, which accompanied an article entitled ‘The Hastings Touring Team’:
Frederick William Womersley
In C.N. 10538 Olimpiu G. Urcan (Singapore) drew attention to an unsigned article on pages 498-499 of the August 2017 BCM entitled ‘Did F.D. Yates Kill Himself?’ which a) misappropriated our writing, b) lifted material from Wikipedia without acknowledgement and c) mistook Emanuel Lasker for Edward Lasker:
On 5 September 2017 Mr Urcan informed us that page 565 of the September 2017 BCM had this ‘Correction’:
The BCM thus offered not one word of apology for anything other than the Lasker mix-up.
Pete Tamburro (Morristown, NJ, USA) now informs us that, in any case, the correction itself is wrong. His sole contribution to the August 2017 BCM was a separate article on Yates elsewhere in the magazine (‘F.D. Yates and the 5 Bd2 Winawer’, on pages 494-497). The offending article ‘Did F.D. Yates Kill Himself?’ had nothing to do with him.
Christian Rau (Rüsselsheim, Germany) reports that he owns this copy of Bobby Fischer Teaches Chess:
A report from Nuremberg dated 13 August 1896 on page 29 of the Westminster Budget, 21 August 1896 is pointed out by Neil Blackburn (Redditch, England) in connection with this paragraph about Charousek:
As an example of quotes which swirl around unaccompanied by a source, Stéphane Pilawski (Hannut, Belgium) points out that the following text has a page to itself at the start of the 2016 translation (by Pascal Golay) Ma Carrière échiquéenne (Capablanca):
The latest feature article is Pre-Chess Chess Quotes.
From Eliot Hearst (Tucson, AZ, USA):
A report about City of London Chess Club activities on page 272 of the June 1902 BCM included the following:
The draw against Jacobs was given with Pillsbury’s notes in issue 42 of Womanhood, 1902, page 464:
1 e4 d5 2 exd5 Qxd5 3 Nc3 Qd8 4 d4 Nf6 5 Bd3 g6 6 Nge2 Bg7 7 O-O O-O 8 Bf4 Nc6 9 Qd2 Nxd4 10 Nxd4 Qxd4 11 Bxc7 Bf5 12 Rad1 Bxd3 13 Qxd3 Qxd3 14 Rxd3 Rac8 15 Bf4 Ne8
16 Nd5 Rxc2 17 Nxe7+ Kh8 18 Rb3 b6 19 Bb8 Rxb2 20 Rxb2 Bxb2 21 Bxa7 Bd4 22 Nd5 Nf6 23 Nxf6 Bxf6 24 Bxb6 Ra8 Drawn.
Olimpiu G. Urcan (Singapore) writes:
Black to move (Kaufmann v Alekhine, Odessa, July 1919)
1...Kh8 2 gxh6 g6 3 Qxg6 Rg8 4 Rg4 Bd4 5 Re4 Qxa2 6 Re7 Resigns.
Wanted: a better version of this photograph, which was published in a very small format on page 393 of the October 1924 BCM:
The other known shot of Blackburne in his final years was presented by a correspondent in C.N. 4791.
An obituary of J.H. Blackburne’s wife, née Mary Jane Fox, was on page 50 of the February 1922 BCM.
Concerning the reference to Aristotle in Pre-Chess Chess Quotes, Mike Salter (Sydney, Australia) writes:
From page 55 of The KGB Plays Chess by B. Gulko, V. Popov, Y. Felshtinsky and V. Korchnoi (Milford, 2010):
Another Chess Book by Richard Réti is our latest feature article.
Black to move:
Position after 14 hxg4
Black played 14...Bg5, but would 14...Ng5 have been preferable? Evidently not, given that White then wins a piece with 15 Nxe7+.
The position arose in the sixth match-game between Capablanca and Marshall in 1909 in Morristown, NJ (and not New York, as stated in Golombek’s 1947 monograph on the Cuban). From page 36 of Capablanca’s 1920 book My Chess Career:
In the 1966 ‘unabridged and corrected republication’ of My Chess Career from Dover Publications, Inc. the text was the same, although on page 34.
A particular surprise is that Capablanca’s note was reproduced unquestioningly on page 227 of the first volume of Kasparov’s Predecessors series:
Various translations of Capablanca’s book (into Russian, Serbo-Croat, Czech and Spanish) gave the same note, but page 61 of the 2016 French edition (C.N. 10582) had a translator’s footnote:
Capablanca may indeed have meant 14...Nf6, and not 14...Ng5. The existence of the move ‘Kt-Kt4’ in the previous note could have led to a typesetting mistake.
A faulty game-score seems an unlikely explanation, the previous moves being well established from publications of the time. They include pages 187-188 of the 8 May 1909 Chess Weekly, which had Capablanca’s exclusive annotations (with no comment at move 14):
Page 49 of volume one of the 1997 ‘Chess Stars’ work on Capablanca followed 14...Bg5 with a brief note, ‘14...Ng5?? 15 Ne7 +–’, but did not mention that Black’s move had been put forward in My Chess Career. When was the ‘14...Kt-Kt4’ mistake in Capablanca’s book first pointed out?
C.N. 5999 asked for corroboration of claims by Edward Lasker on pages 20-21 of Chess Secrets I Learned from the Masters (New York, 1951) about Curt von Bardeleben:
Richard Forster (Zurich) writes:
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Copyright: Edward Winter. All rights reserved.